Analysis of face is completed with a face score of 4.75 out of 10 and finds you as averagely attractive. You are very feminine, with great features of sexual dimorphism. This report shows your overall beauty score, face shape, and detailed breakup of your facial features.
Do you know what makes you attractive? Your best features are the Bi-Temporal to Bi-Zygoma Ratio, Eye Canthal Tilt, and Bi-Goinal to Bi-zygoma Ratio. Also, you may want to know your features that need special attention. Your features that require improvements are Jaw Angle, Subnasale Stomion to Stomion Chin Ratio, and Face Height middle-third to lower-third Ratio.
The attractiveness of multiple facial features contributes to overall facial attractiveness. The American University of Beirut Medical Center study says beauty and facial attractiveness are easily identified but difficult to quantify. Despite its subjective nature, we can attempt to define, measure, and explain the captivating phenomenon of beauty by describing it numerically and geometrically. Hence, a single feature does not determine attractiveness because it depends on how well that feature harmonizes with the face. The unit of measurement we used here is Photographic Canthal Index (PCI).
Bitemporal To Bizygomatic Ratio is your best facial feature. Your Bitemporal To Bizygomatic Ratio is 1.02 and the ideal value is 1.04. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature dramatically impacts your perceived attractiveness, and you have a high score on this feature and that also means you won a genetic lottery.
Eye Canthal Tilt Angle is your best facial feature. Your Eye Canthal Tilt Angle is 12 degrees and the ideal value is 14 degrees. The larger the angle, the better it is. This feature dramatically impacts your perceived attractiveness, and you have a high score on this feature and that also means you won a genetic lottery.
The eye canthal tilt is the angle between the internal corner of the eyes (medial canthus) and the external corner of the eyes (lateral canthus). This tilt is a crucial section of periorbital aesthetics. The eye canthal tilt can be negative, neutral, or positive. The canthus tilt is considered positive if the medial canthus angle ranges between 5 and 8 degrees below the lateral canthus. A negative canthal tilt is achieved when the medial canthus tilt varies between -5 to -8 degrees beneath the lateral canthus. A neutral tilt is when the medial canthus and lateral canthus are in line. A positive canthal tilt gives one a more attractive, sharper, and younger look.
According to a study held at the University of Toronto by Bashour & Geist (2007), canthal tilt is a power cue for female facial attractiveness. The possible explanation to this phenomenon as per Bashour & Gest is “The fact that palpebral fissure inclination is steeper in children than adults makes it a neonatal feature, and the fact that it is again steeper in females than males after puberty also makes it a sexually dimorphic feature.”
In their publication “The beautiful eye”, medical doctors Volpe & Ramirez from Johns Hopkins Hospital mentions “In women, the intercanthal axis averages +4.1 mm or +4 degrees. This upward tilt of the intercanthal axis is one of the most distinctive qualities of the beautiful eye. When one looks at any truly beautiful face, this upward tilt is found to be present.”
In the book “Cosmetic Patient Evaluation” by Tian Ran Zhu from Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, USA mentions that “The concept of the canthal tilt is critical as it serves as an important indicator of aging. A positive canthal tilt with lower eyelid lightly tilting upward along lateral canthus exudes youth, health, and exuberance. On the contrary, a depressed tilt projects old age, melancholy, and weariness.”
Their findings are widely corroborated by other studies, a positive canthal tilt can make women look “attractive and younger” (Askham et ali, 2019), and “feminized” (Facque et al, 2019). Further to that, the canthal tilt can add a gradually “masculinized appearance” if the tilt depresses with age as the soft tissue descends (Somenek, 2018).
When measuring the canthal tilt, “A positive value designates an upward tilt of the lateral canthus and a negative value a downward tilt. This upward tilt of the intercanthal axis is one of the most distinctive qualities of the beautiful eye” (Volpe & Ramirez, 2005). Bashour & Geist (2007) test this directly in their comprehensive study, they find that a positive canthal tilt adds to the attractiveness of the female face and explain why they think this occurs. The results revealed that female faces with positive canthal tilt are preferred 93 percent of the time.
Bigonion To Bizygomatic Ratio is your best facial feature. Your Bigonion To Bizygomatic Ratio is 0.68 and the ideal value is 0.7. The smaller the value, the better it is. This feature dramatically impacts your perceived attractiveness, and you have a high score on this feature and that also means you won a genetic lottery.
Your Mouth Width To Nose Width Ratio is 1.42 and the ideal value is 1.5. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a high score on this feature.
Your Chin Length To Philtrum Length Ratio is 1.04 and the ideal value is 2.32. The smaller the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
Your Nose Width is 155 PCI units and the ideal value is 181 PCI units. The smaller the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a high score on this feature.
The study by Ferruccio Tersello at George Eastman Dental Hospital, “the nose width smaller than 1/4 of facial width” describes the beauty of the face. The study was held on 50 italian models selected for an important beauty contest. According to the report by Nikola Vučinić, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, men with medium width noses appear to be more attractive. It depicts that a man may have appealing face features however wide or big noses might lessen the beauty in general.
Another study by Doug Jones, Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan reports that a youthful face is one that combines a high ratio of lower-facial features with a small nose and ears and full lips(Doug Jones, 2011). Additionally, a face with unusually large eyes, a small nose, and full lips as compared to face height will have a low predicted age(Doug Jones, 2011). These studies shed light on how better is “a small nose” than the wider one for overall attractiveness.
The study by Van Zijl, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Erasmus Medical Center, finds that the ideal nose width measures one-fifth of the width of an individual’s face as the alar base. Wider alar base and larger tip lobule can result in the appearance of an unusually and disproportionately larger nose when the anterior view is concerned.
Your Chin Angle is 136 degrees and the ideal value is 129 degrees. The smaller the angle, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
The study, held at the Department of Anthropology, by Zaneta finds that “studies of female attractiveness consistently report that a small or narrow chin is associated with a more feminine appearance”.
The study(Jung et al., 2018) carried out by Ga-Hee Jung et al.at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 220 students were requested to rate facial figures with alterations to the bigonial width and the vertical length of the lower face.It was found that the highest preference score was indicated for the standard figure(golden ratio), whereas facial figures with large bigonial width and chin length had the lowest score.This study demonstrated that in general, the standard image based on the golden ratio was considered as most attractive.Further, a slender face with a sharper chin angle is favoured over a face with larger bigonial width.
This finding is further supported by a study which reported that broad and / or square chin can be aesthetically unappealing(Hirohi, 2021).
Another retrospective study involving 36 patients carried out by Zhang et al (2014) demonstrated that reducing mandibular width G - G distance from 119.9 mm ± 3.9 - 109.7 mm ± 3.5 and creating a sharper chin enhanced the aesthetic beauty significantly.
Your Lip Lower Height is 27 PCI units and the ideal value is 34 PCI units. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a high score on this feature.
Fuller lips corresponding to facial width and larger vermilion height are considered beautiful in females. According to a study by Kar (2018), 1:1.6 is the ideal ratio of the vertical height of the upper lip to that of the lower lip. It means larger lower lips are deemed more striking compared to larger upper lips. A study by Modarai (2013) stated that a more prominent lower lip and its protrusive position relative to a chin's prominence provide a noteworthy impact on image rank.
Pallett (2010) states that females with larger lips, width ratios and average length will all the time be more good-looking in comparison to females with narrow lips. Larger lips show vitality and youth while flat, thin lips are suggestive of ageing signs (Trookman et al., 2009). During ageing, reduction in synthesis of collagen makes the lips deflated.
Full lips have long been desired by women because they signify youth and femininity. This Sexually dimorphic feature is an indication of reproductive health (Fink, & Neave, 2005).
The overall size of the lip is approximately 9.6 % of the entire area of the lower part of the face. It is invariably a common feature that people seek or accentuate accordingly. It appeals to the eyes and enhances the personality(Kar et al., 2018).The study by Popenko at al, the most appealing lips on white women had a surface area that was about 50 percent bigger than the women’s natural mouth size, took up about 10 percent of the lower third of their face and had that magic upper to lower lip ratio of 1:2.
Your Bizygomatic To Mid Face Height Ratio is 1.48 and the ideal value is 1.72. The smaller the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
Your Eye To Brow Inside Margin is 73 PCI units and the ideal value is 101 PCI units. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
In his famous paper, Cunningham mentioned that the expressive features of highly set eyebrows were associated with female features. To corroborate his finds, two studies mentioned below are finds the high set eyebrows are sexually diamorphic feature.
Packiriswamy et al. in their paper “Anthropometric and Anthroposcopic Analysis of Periorbital Features”, quantified the aesthetic dimensions and position of periorbital features.The study involved 300 male and 300 female subjects with ages ranging from 17 to 25 years.Standardised facial photographs of the subjects were taken in frontal view and the aesthetic dimensions and position of periorbital features including eyebrow height(EH) were measured using Image analyzer. The study demonstrated that interbrow height was significantly greater in females than males(p < 0.005).
In a study carried out by Price et al. “Eyebrow and eyelid dimensions: An anthropometric analysis”, ideal eyebrow and eyelid dimensions were studied among 68 male and female subjects, divided into three age cohorts(20 to 39 years, 40 to 59 years, and 60 to 79 years) and by gender.The subjects were then photographed in the frontal view with brow fixation, first with eyes open in primary gaze, and then with eyes gently closed.The standardised digital images were then analysed using a measuring software.It was found that eyebrow height was significantly larger in women than men(p < 0.001).
The scientists Zhao et al in their study “Data - Driven Research on the Matching Degree of Eyes, Eyebrows and Face Shapes”, go on to explain that although eye to eyebrow distance does serve as a proxy for female attractiveness, it is heavily influenced by overall face shape.Shorter, rounder faces are scored as most attractive when they have high set(or more distal) eyebrows with a higher degree of curvature.Whereas square or longer faces are considered most attractive with exactly the opposite: lower set, flatter eyebrows(Zhao et al, 2019; Baker, 2007). The eye to eyebrow distance and shape can accentuate other attractive facial features, slim the overall facial appearance and alter the perception of eye size but the bi - directionality of this relationship means that the ideal eyebrow placement varies with individual facial aesthetics.
Your Chin Length is 85 PCI units and the ideal value is 149 PCI units. The smaller the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
A study at School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, UK by Perrett found that “very attractive female faces have more feminine features (a smaller chin and higher cheekbones)”.
The scientific paper by Thayer et al showed that males typically have “larger and more projecting lateral tubercles at the base of the chin” and this longer and broader chin phenotype is used to help us discern males from females.It should come as no surprise then, that females with longer chins are typically rated as less attractive, as this is more fitting with the attractive male face shape.
When men were asked to rate the attractiveness of women in a study (Cunningham et al 1986), an interesting observation developed: they preferred baby - like features.A small chin, a small nose and big eyes were not only preferred, but dictated the men’s likelihood to date, help and be sexually attracted to these women.The study quotes “Smaller chins were found to be desirable for women”.
Valenzano et al(2006) show that, Sexual differences in the female during their foetal development usually result in “horizontal reduction of the chin, [and] forward movement of the gonion(jaw angle)”. This aesthetic change in the developing female’s chin, helps create an ‘attractive shape’.
Your Lip Upper Height is 17 PCI units and the ideal value is 36 PCI units. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
A study by Kar at el (2018), concludes that “Fuller lips relative to the width of the face and greater vermilion height are perceived as attractive in women”. The vertical width of the upper lip is regarded as the most prominent feature in smile aesthetics. A study by McNamara from the School of Dentistry, University of Michigan found the thickness of an upper lip to be the most attractive aspect of a pleasant smile.
Full lips have long been desired by women because they signify youth and femininity.Evolutionary psychology also suggests that women with a full pout are often associated with a strong mating potential. One of the most visible signs of ageing is a pair of thin and flat lips.This is because as collagen production slows down, your once-luscious lips become deflated.This Sexually dimorphic feature is an indication of reproductive health(Fink, &Neave, 2005).
Your Face Height Middle Third To Lower Third Ratio is 2.19 and the ideal value is 1.61. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
Your Subnasale Stomion To Stomion Chin Ratio is 0.75 and the ideal value is 0.48. The larger the value, the better it is. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a fair score for this feature.
Your Jaw Average Angle is 180 degrees and the ideal value is 155 degrees. The larger the angle, the better it is. However, your angle is larger than the normal range. This feature has a medium impact on your perceived attractiveness, and you have a low score on this feature, but as we already know, no single feature determines the beauty of a face.
The outer surface of the mandible (or jaw bone) concludes at the gonion angle (or jaw angle) of the face. The researchers observed that there are dramatically opposing selection pressures acting upon the female jaw morphology. A female appears more feminine when the jaw angle moves forward (sharpening her overall face shape and increasing the prominence of the jaw angle) but more attractive when the jaw angle does not dramatically increase or decrease (rounding her overall face shape and reducing the prominence of the jaw angle).
“In the jaw the differences between attractive and hyperfeminine shape components are strikingly distinct. Sexual dimorphism in female direction is associated with horizontal reduction of the chin, forward movement of the gonion (jaw angle) and alveolar prognathism. On the other hand, attractive shapes are associated with a small, but pointed, chin and do not show exaggerated alveolar prognathism or reduction of gonion angle” (Valenzano et al, 2006).